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2017年南昌成考高起点英语试题及答案一

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2017年南昌成考高起点英语试题及答案一

  一、语音知识(共5小题;每题1.5分,共7.5分。)
 
  在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边括号里。
 
  ()1.A.straightB.preferC.enoughD.fall
 
  答案:A
 
  ()2.A.lowB.thoughC.knowledgeD.sold
 
  答案:C
 
  ()3.A.calmB.hallC.talkD.ball
 
  答案:A
 
  ()4.A.alreadyB.eachC.leagueD.weak
 
  答案:A
 
  ()5.A.produceB.trueC.computerD.news
 
  答案:B
 
  二、词汇与语法知识(共25小题;每题1.5分,共37.5分。)
 
  从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。
 
  ()6.Areyousureyoudon‘thave_______advicetogiveme?Ireallyneed_______.
 
  A.any;anyB.some;anyC.any;someD.any;some
 
  答案:D
 
  ()7.Whenwesawhisface,weknew_______wasbad.
 
  A.thenewsB.somenewsC.anewsD.news
 
  答案:A
 
  ()8.Thenumberofstudentsinourschool________.
 
  A.increasedB.isincreasedC.hasincreasedD.areincreased
 
  答案:C
 
  ()9.________yourstep,oryoumightfallintothewater.
 
  A.SeeB.WatchC.MissD.Lookat
 
  答案:B
 
  ()10.Themeeting_______.
 
  A.istoputoffB.isgoingtoputoff
 
  C.istobeputoffD.willputoff
 
  答案:C
 
  ()11.Sincetheroadiswetthismorning,lastnight_______.
 
  A.itmustberainingB.itmustrain
 
  C.itmusthaverainedD.itmusthavebeenrained
 
  答案:C
 
  ()12.Nothingcouldstop_______.
 
  A.himcomeB.thatthecame
 
  C.himfromcomingD.himtocome
 
  答案:C
 
  ()13.Thenoiseofdesks_______couldbeheardoutinthestreet.
 
  A.openedandclosedB.tobeopenedandclosed
 
  C.beingopenedandclosedD.havingbeenopenedandclosed
 
  答案:C
 
  ()14.Themedicinewill______yougood.
 
  A.doB.saveC.giveD.help
 
  答案:A
 
  ()15.Afewyearslater,Ifoundmyhometowncompletely_______.
 
  A.changedB.changingC.tobechangedD.tochange
 
  答案:A
 
  ()16.Thisnovelisworthyof_______.
 
  A.readingB.readC.havingreadD.beingread
 
  答案:D
 
  ()17.Itisverykind______seeme.
 
  A.fromyoutoB.asC.asifD.likethat
 
  答案:C
 
  ()18.Itlooks_______it‘sgoingtorain.
 
  A.thatB.asC.asifD.likethat
 
  答案:C
 
  ()19.Thestonewassoheavythatitwasdifficultfortheoldmanto______it.
 
  A.liftB.reachC.riseD.touch
 
  答案:A
 
  ()20.Theylives______theothersideoftheroad.
 
  A.inB.onC.forD.by
 
  答案:B
 
  ()21.ShecanspeakJapanesebetterthan________else.
 
  A.theoneB.nooneC.anyoneD.another
 
  答案:C
 
  ()22.Thislessonis_______thanthelastone.
 
  A.moreeasierB.moreeasyC.veryeasierD.mucheasier
 
  答案:D
 
  ()23.Today‘sweatherisn’tascoldasitwasyesterday,________?
 
  A.wasn‘tB.isitC.wasitD.isn’tit
 
  答案:B
 
  ()24.Thisbookisforstudents______nativelanguageisnotEnglish.
 
  A.ofwhomB.thatC.whichD.whose
 
  答案:D
 
  ()25.Youmaynotgoout_______yourworkisdone.
 
  A.beforeB.untilC.whereD.as
 
  答案:B
 
  ()26.LookwhatFather_______mewhenhecamefromwork.
 
  A.broughtB.tookC.carriedD.fetched
 
  答案:A
 
  ()27.Nobodyknew_______there.
 
  A.howlongtimeIhadbeenB.howlonghadIbeen
 
  C.howlongtimehadIbeenD.howlongIhadbeen
 
  答案:D
 
  ()28.Theharderhestudies,_______.
 
  A.he‘llmakegreatprogressB.thegreaterprogresshe’llmake
 
  C.he‘llmakegreaterprogressD.thegreaterhe’llmakeprogress
 
  答案:B
 
  ()29.________,Iwouldhavegonetoseehim.
 
  A.HaveIhadtimeB.HadItime
 
  C.HadIhadtimeD.wouldIhavehad
 
  答案:C
 
  ()30.Hedidn‘tgotoFrance,thedoctorsuggestedthathe_______there.
 
  A.won‘tgoB.notgoC.nottogoD.didn’tgo
 
  答案:B
 
  三、完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,共30分。)
 
  通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。从每小题的四个选项中选出可填入相应空白处的最佳选择,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边括号里。
 
  Ihandbeensittingbymyselfinmyusualcompartmentforatleasttenminutes,waiting__31__.ThetrainsfromLittleburyneverseemedtostart__32__andIoftenthoughtthatIcouldhave__33__inbedalittlelongerorhad__34__cupofteabefore__35__.SuddenlyIheardsomeoneshouting__36__theplatformoutside.Ayounggirlwasrunningtowardsthetrain.Theman__37__putouthishandtostopherbutsheranpasthimandopenedthedoorofmycompartment.Thenthewhistleblewandthetrainstarted.
 
  "Inearlymissedit,__38__?"thegirlsaid."Howlongdoesittaketo__39_London?""Itdependsonthe__40__."Isaid."Somedaysit‘s__41__others."
 
  "I‘llhavetohavemywatchmended,__42__lateagaintomorrow,"shesaid."It’smyfirstday__43__withanewfirmtodayandtheytoldmethattheman__44__isverystrict.I__45__himyetsoIdon‘tknow__46__buthesoundsabitfrightening."
 
  Shetalkedabouthernewjob__47__thewaytoLondonandbeforelong,Irealizedthatshewasgoingtoworkformyfirm.My__48__secretaryhadjustleftsoImustbehernewboss.__49__onlyfairtotellher.
 
  "Oh,dear,"shesaid."__50__mistake!IwishIhadknown."
 
  "Nevermind,"Isaid."Atleastyou‘llknowwhenyourtrain’slatethatminewillbe,too."
 
  ()31.A.thetraintostartB.forthetrainstart
 
  C.thetrain‘sstartD.forthetraintostart
 
  答案:D
 
  ()32.A.ontheirhourB.ontimeC.attheirhourD.attime
 
  答案:B
 
  ()33.A.lainB.laidC.liedD.lay
 
  答案:A
 
  ()34.A.otherB.someotherC.anotherD.oneother
 
  答案:C
 
  ()35.A.IhadleftthehomeB.leavefromhome
 
  C.leavinghomeD.toleavehome
 
  答案:C
 
  ()36.A.atB.byC.inD.on
 
  答案:D
 
  ()37.A.atplaceB.ondutyC.forcontrolD.inpost
 
  答案:B
 
  ()38.A.haven‘tIB.don’tIC.wasn‘tID.didn’tI
 
  答案:D
 
  ()39.A.gettoB.arrivetoC.reachtoD.maketo
 
  答案:A
 
  ()40.A.drivertotheengineB.driverengine
 
  C.engineer‘sdriverD.enginedriver
 
  答案:D
 
  ()41.A.farslowerthatB.muchslowerthan
 
  C.alotmoreslowthanD.agreatdealmoreslowthat
 
  答案:B
 
  ()42.A.inordernotbeB.soasnottobe
 
  C.fornotbeingD.sothatit‘snot
 
  答案:B
 
  ()43.A.atjobB.injobC.inworkD.atwork
 
  答案:A
 
  ()44.A.I‘mgoingtoworkforB.whatI’mgoingtoworkfor
 
  C.forwhichI‘mgoingtoworkD.whichI’mgoingtoworkfor
 
  答案:D
 
  ()45.A.didn‘tmeetB.haven’tmetC.didn‘tknowD.haven’tknown
 
  答案:B
 
  ()46.A.whatheislikeB.whatishelike
 
  C.howheisD.howishe
 
  答案:A
 
  ()47.A.throughB.byC.onD.in
 
  答案:C
 
  ()48.A.properB.ownC.sameD.self
 
  答案:B
 
  ()49.A.TherewasB.ThatwasC.ItwasD.Was
 
  答案:C
 
  ()50.A.WhataterribleB.WhatterribleC.HowterribleD.Soterriblea
 
  答案:A
 
  四、阅读理解(共15小题;每题2分,共30分。)
 
  阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选择项中选出最佳的一项,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。
 
  A
 
  Jimmywasfiveyearsoldandhisbrother,Billy,wasonlyababy.Onemorninghismotherwaitedforanimportanttelephonecallforhours,butnobodycalled.Therewasnobreadinthehouseandshehadtogoouttobuysome.Jimmystayedathometolookafterthebaby.Whenthemotherwasout,thetelephonerangandJimmyanswered.
 
  Mr.Baker:Hello!MayIspeaktoMrs.White?
 
  Jimmy:Sorry,Motherisout.
 
  Mr.Baker:Well,whenshecomesback,saytoher,"Mr.Bakercalled."
 
  Jimmy:What?
 
  Mr.Baker:Mr.Baker.Writeitdown.B-A-K-E-R.
 
  Jimmy:HowdoyouwriteB?
 
  Mr.Baker:HowdoIwrite…?Listen,littleboy,isthereanybodyelsewithyou?Anybrothersorsisters?
 
  Jimmy:Yes,mybrotherBillyishere.
 
  Mr.Baker:Good.Iwanttotalktohim,please.
 
  Jimmy:Allright.Jimmytookthetelephonetothebaby‘sbedandputitbesideitshead.Notlongafterthathismothercameback.
 
  Mother:Didanybodycall?
 
  Jimmy:Yes,amancalled.ButheonlywantedtotalktoBilly.
 
  ()51.Jimmy‘smotherwaitedfor________.
 
  A.animportantmanB.agoodfriend
 
  C.atelephonecallD.apieceofgoodnews
 
  答案:C
 
  ()52.Jimmy‘smotherwentoutbecause________.
 
  A.shewaitedforhoursB.nobodycalled
 
  C.shehadtobuysomebreadD.shehadtobuysomemilk
 
  答案:C
 
  ()53.Jimmycouldn‘twritedownMr.Baker’snamebecause________.
 
  A.hehadnopenorpaperB.hecouldn‘treadorwrite
 
  C.hehadtolookafterthebabyD.hehadtoplaywithhisbrother
 
  答案:B
 
  ()54.Mr.Bakerwantedtotalkto________.
 
  A.achildolderthanJimmyB.achildyoungerthanJimmy
 
  C.Jimmy‘sbrotherBillyD.Jimmy’ssisterBetty
 
  答案:A
 
  B
 
  Scientistshavesearchedformanyyearsforamethodtotellwhetheravolcano(火山)explosionwillbesmallorlarge.Now,fourscientistssaytheyhavediscoveredsomethinginlava(熔岩)thatwillhelpdothis.TheydidtheresearchonMountUnzenonthesouthernJapaneseislandofKyushu.
 
  MountUnzenexplodedinNovember,1990.Sincethen,moreexplosionshavekilled43peopleanddestroyedthehomesofmorethan2,000others.Thevolcanoisstillactivetoday.
 
  Thescientistssaythelavaofthevolcanocontainshighlevelofanelement(成份),whichisasignofthepresenceofthelavafromdeepintheearth,notfromthesurface.Theysayitshowsthatthelavacomingdirectlyfrominsidetheearthisconnectedwithhugeexplosionsinsteadofsmallerones.
 
  Thescientistsexaminedthelavafrom18explosionsofMountUnzenthattookplaceduringmanythousandsofyears.TheyalsostudiedthelavafromothervolcanoesintheareathatareolderthanMountUnzen.Thelavastudiedcamefrombothlargeandsmallexplosions.Thescientistsfoundthatlargeexplosionscontainedmoreoftheelementthansmallones.Thescientistssayiftheyhadknownthistwoyearsearlier,theycouldhavewarnedthepeoplelivingintheareanearMountUnzenandsavedmanylives.
 
  ()55.FromthepassagewelearnthatMountUnzenisthenameof______.
 
  A.ahugevolcanoexplosion
 
  B.aJapaneseisland
 
  C.anactivevolcano
 
  D.akindoflava
 
  答案:C
 
  ()56.Thefourscientistsdiscoveredthattheleveloftheelementcontainedinthelavacouldtell______.
 
  A.thedegreeofavolcanoexplosion
 
  B.theplaceofapossibleexplosion
 
  C.thenumberofvolcanoexplosions
 
  D.thetimeofapossibleexplosion
 
  答案:A
 
  ()57.Theresearchofthefourscientistswasbasedon______.
 
  A.thelavathatcausedexplosions
 
  B.thepresenceofthelavafromthesurface
 
  C.thedamagescausedbythe1990explosion
 
  D.thelavafromdifferentexplosionsinthearea
 
  答案:D
 
  阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。
 
  C
 
  Haveyoueverarguedwithyourlovedonesoversimplemisunderstandings(误解)?Littlewonder.Weoftenbelievewe'remoreskillfulingettingourpointacrossthanweactuallyare,accordingtoBozaKeysar,aprofessorattheUniversityofChicago.Inhisrecentstudy,speakerstriedtoexpresstheirmeaningsusingunclearsentences.Speakerswhothoughtlistenersunderstoodwerewrongnearlyhalfthetime.Here‘ssomegoodadvicetoreducemisunderstanding:
 
  (1)Don'ttrustwhatyouseefromthelistener.Listenersoftennod,lookatyouorsay"uhhuh"tobepoliteormovetheconversationalong.Butit‘seasytoconsidertheseassignsofunderstanding.
 
  (2)Traintheeditor(编辑)inyourhead.Ifyousay,"Bethdiscussesherproblemswithherhusband,"it'snotclearwhethershe‘stalkingtoherhusbandorabouthim.Tryinstead,"Bethtalkstoherhusbandaboutherproblems."or"Bethtalkstoothersabouttheproblemswithherhusband."
 
  (3)Asklistenerstorepeatyourmessage.Introduceyourrequestbysaying"IwanttobesureIsaidthatright."Questionslike"Howdoesthatsound?"or"Doesthatmakesense?"mayalsowork.
 
  (4)Listenwell.Whenonthereceivingend,askquestionstobesureyou'reonthesamepage.Afterall,itisn‘tjustthespeaker'sjobtomakehisspeechunderstood.
 
  ()58.Whydoesthewritergiveustheadvice?
 
  A.We'renotskillfulenoughtomakeclearsentence
 
  B.Misunderstandingisdamagingournormallive
 
  C.Misunderstandingoccursnowandthe
 
  D.It'simpolitetosayNOtoother
 
  答案:C
 
  ()59Thewritersuggeststhatwhentalkingtoothers,thespeakershould______.
 
  A.knowthatlistenerswillshowhimthattheyunderstandhiswords
 
  B.expresshimselfclearlyevenwhenheseessignsofunderstanding
 
  C.noticelistener'ssignsofunderstanding
 
  D.lookdirectlyintohislistener'seyes
 
  答案:B
 
  ()60.ByTraintheeditorinyourhead,thespeakersareadvised_______.
 
  A.togetthemselvestrainedbyagoodeditor
 
  B.todiscussproblemswiththeirhusbandsorwives
 
  C.toexpressthemselvesinlongbutsimplesentences
 
  D.tomakesureeachsentencehasonlyonemeaning
 
  答案:D
 
  ()61Inthelastparagraph,thewordsyou'reonthesamepagemeanthat______.
 
  A.you'refollowingthespeakersclosely
 
  B.you'rereadingthesamepageasthespeakerdoes
 
  C.youshouldknowwhichpagethespeakerrefersto
 
  D.yourstoryiswrittenonthesamepageasthespeaker's
 
  答案:A
 
  阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。
 
  D
 
  Whileactingmayruninthefamily,itwasn'tAngelinaJolie'sonlychoicewhenthinkingaboutherfuture.AlthoughJoliehasstudiedhercraft(技艺)sincechildhood,atonepointthe26-year-old,whostarsthismonthinTombRaiderwithherfather,actorJohnVoight,wantedtobeafuneral(殡葬)director."Ithoughtthatthecrossingovercouldbeabeautifulthingandatimeofcomfortwhenpeoplecouldreachouttoeachother."
 
  Tradition(传统)isalwaysattractiveandinterestingtoJolie,whomovedwithhermother,MarchelineBertand,andbrotherafterherparentsseparatedwhenshewastwo."Ineverhadonehome.Ineverhadanattic(阁楼)thathadoldthingsinit.Wealwaysmoved,soIwasneverrootedanywhere.AndIalwaysdreamedofhavingthatatticofthingsthatIcouldgobackandhavealook.I'mverydrawntosomethingsthataretradition,thatareroots,andIthinkthatmaybewhyIpaidsuchspecialattentiontofunerals."
 
  Finally,shechoseacting."Followinginmyfather'sfootsteps,"shesays,"isaninterestingthing,becauseIthinkwespeaktoeachotherthroughourwork.Youdon'treallyknowyourparentsinacertainway,andtheydon'treallyknowyou.SohecanwatchafilmandseehowIamasawoman,thewayI’mdealingwithahusbandwho'sbeenhurt,orthewayI'mcryingalone."
 
  "Andit'sthesameforme:Icanwatchfilmsofhisandjustseewhoheis.I'velearnedtounderstandhimasaperson."
 
  ()62Thepassageisaboutawomanwho_______.
 
  A.wasonceafuneraldirector
 
  B.istheleadingactressinTombRaider
 
  C.wantsanattictolivein
 
  D.washurtbyherhusband
 
  答案:B
 
  ()63WhichofthefollowingcanbestsupportTraditionisalwaysattractiveandinterestingtoJolie?
 
  A.Jolielongedtohaveoldthingsfromherchildhoo
 
  B.HavingmorethanonehomeisalwaysinterestingtoJoli
 
  C.Jolie'sparentsseparatedwhenshewasveryyoun
 
  D.Traditionisalwaysrootedsomewher
 
  答案:A
 
  ()64ThewordsFollowinginmyfather'sfootstepsmostprobablymean______.
 
  A.listeningtomyfather'sadvice
 
  B.takingmyfatherasanexample
 
  C.walkingaftermyfather
 
  D.lookingformyfather'sfootsteps
 
  答案:B
 
  ()65.AngelinaJoliefinallychoseactingbecauseshethoughtsheandherfathercould_______.
 
  A.worktogetherseveralmonthsayear
 
  B.bringintomemorywhathappenedinthepast
 
  C.payattentiontothingstheyareinterestedin
 
  D.gettoknoweachotherthroughtheirfilms
 
  答案:D
 
  五、补全对话(共5句;每句满分为3分,共15分。)
 
  根据中文提示,将对话中缺少的内容写在线上。这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方,用疑问句。
 
  提示:一个中国人正在和一个刚刚到达中国的美国人聊在,中国人询问他这次旅行的情况,如:到达的时间、怎么来的、旅行是否愉快、累不累、现住何处,并在分手时祝他睡个好觉。
 
  Chinese:________66__________?
 
  American:Yes,thismorning.Atabout9o‘clock.
 
  Chinese:________67__________?
 
  American:Byplanefirstandthenbytrain.Ittookmemorethan30hoursaltogether.
 
  Chinese:________68__________?
 
  American:Yes,verymuch.It‘spleasant,especiallythepartonthetrain.
 
  Chinese:________69__________?
 
  American:Yes,alittle,butnotverymuch.AndnowI‘mfeelingbetterafteranap.
 
  Chinese:________70__________?
 
  American:AttheGrandHotel,inthecenterofthecity.
 
  Chinese:Oh,that‘sanicehotel.Haveagoodsleeptonight.I’llcomeandseeyoutomorrow.
 
  66.答案:Didyouarrivetoday
 
  67.答案:Howdidyougethere
 
  68.答案:Didyouenjoyyourjourney
 
  69.答案:Doyoufeeltiredafterthelongjourney
 
  70.答案:Whereareyoustaying
 
  六、书面表达(共30分)
 
  71.提示:假设你是丽娜,光明中学的学生,你给你的好友小华写信讲述你的美国之行。内容包括:先去了纽约,看到许多摩天大楼,但看不到世贸大厦了;两天后去了洛杉矶(LosAngeles),参观了好莱坞,游了迪斯尼乐园;还去了内华达(Nevada)的里诺(Reno),游了风景优美的大沪(Dahu)湖;
 
  注意:(1)不要逐字翻译,叙述要连贯;
 
  (2)写信人的地址可自编;
 
  (3)词数为100左右。
 
  答案:GuangmingMiddleSchool
 
  No.273,XinjiangRoad,400537
 
  HelanDistrict,Binhai,China
 
  July15,2002
 
  DearXiaoHua,
 
  IhavejustcomebackfromatriptotheUnitedStates.Ihadaverygoodtimethere.
 
  IfirstwenttoNewYork.Itisreallyaverybigcity.Isawquitemanyskyscrapersthere.ButtheTwinTowersoftheWorldTradeCenterarenomoretobeseen.
 
  TwodayslaterIwenttoLosAngeles.IvisitedHollywoodonthedayIgotthere.AfterthatIspentawholedayinDisneyland.Itisreallyawonderfulplaceyoushouldn‘tmiss.
 
  IalsowenttoReno,Nevada.ThereisabeautifullakenamedDahu.Thescenerythereisbeautiful!
 
  IhopeyouwilltakeatriptotheUnitedStatessomeday.
 
  Love,
 

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